Course Summary: An introduction to the electronic structure of extended materials systems from both a chemical bonding and a condensed matter physics perspective. The course will discuss materials of all length scales from individual molecules to macroscopic three-dimensional crystals, but will focus on zero, one, and two dimensional inorganic materials at the nanometer scale. In the first half of the course, relevant language and concepts from condensed matter physics, such as a density of states and energy bands, will be discussed but from a chemical bonding perspective. Students will directly calculate electron energy states for materials at all length scales: from atoms and molecules to crystals in the solid state. In the second half of the course, the general concepts of electronic energy structure from the first half will be applied to understanding the photophysics of nanometer scale materials, including quantum dots, nanocrystals, quantum wires, carbon nanotubes, and 1-D conjugated polymers. Given time, applications in several areas such as biological sensing and solar energy conversion will also be discussed.
Required Text: None.
Burdett, Chemical Bonding in Solids
Ashcroft and Mermin, Solid State Physics
Kittel, Solid State Physics
Cotton, Chemical Applications of Group Theory
Bányai and Koch, Semiconductor Quantum Dots
Dresselhaus, Science of Fullerenes and Carbon Nanotubes, Physical Properties of Carbon nanotubes
Gaponenko, Optical Properties of Semiconductor Nanocrystals
Bohren and Hoffman, Absorption and Scattering of Light by Small Particles
Levine, Quantum Chemistry
West, Solid State Chemistryand its Applications